The problem of smog in Poland and undertaken solutions to minimize it
Poland belongs to the countries with the most polluted air in the EU. Studies show that every year, about 45,000 people die prematurely from air pollution. One of the main reasons of this situation is the heating of houses during the winter season when the issue significantly increases. As many as 60% of Polish single-family houses are heated by old primitive old heating boilers. They are the main source of dust and carcinogenic substances poisoning air in Poland.
The Polish government seeing the problem undertakes necessary precautions to minimize the problem in the form of various nationwide programs such as The "KAWKA programme - Elimination of low emissions supporting the increase of energy efficiency and development of dispersed renewable energy sources " administrated by the National Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management where funds can be obtained for the liquidation of onerous furnaces and coal-fired boilers, which we can replace with system heat. The aim of the program is to eliminate the so-called low emission or emission of harmful pollutants into the air, which arises, among others, from the combustion of coal in domestic heating furnaces.
The programe is addressed to the cities with the population of 5000 inhabitants and more for municipalities, housing communities, individual persons and SME’s. The aim of the KAWKA program is also to reduce the exposure of the population to the impact of air pollutants in zones where there are significant exceedances of permissible and target concentration levels of those pollutants for which air protection programs have been developed. The program's objective will be achieved by reducing pollutant emissions, in particular PM 2.5, PM 10 and CO2 emissions.