The Swedish Parliament adopts a historic climate policy framework
The Swedish Parliament has voted through a climate policy framework for Sweden. The climate law and new climate targets will give Sweden an ambitious, long-term and stable climate policy. The Climate Act enters into force on 1 January 2018. For the first time, Sweden will have a law which imposes an obligation on this, and future governments, to implement climate policy based on climate targets and clearly state how the work is progressing. The reform is a key part of the work for Sweden to live up to the Paris agreement. On 14 March, the Government submitted a bill on a climate policy framework. The framework consists of new climate targets, a climate law and a climate policy council. The aim is to create order and deliverance in climate policy. The framework is based on last year's agreement within the parliamentary Environmental Assessment Committee.
The Climate Act contains provisions on the government's climate policy work. The government shall submit a climate report to the Parliament each year in the budget proposal and prepare a climate change plan for each term of office. This means that every government has an obligation to report how to work towards achieving climate goals. The first climate report will be presented in autumn 2018, and the first action plan in 2019. By 2045, as a new long-term climate target, Sweden will have no net greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere by 2045 at the latest. The Parliament has also adopted new phase targets by 2030 and 2040. The government has begun work on establishing a climate policy council to assist the government with an independent evaluation of how the overall policy presented by the government is consistent with climate targets. The Council shall be in place before the Climate Act enters into force on 1 January 2018.